The story begins in Xcalak Costa Maya and dates back to pre-Hispanic times, with 16 archaeological sites that have been discovered between Punta Herrero (south of Bahia, Holy Spirit) and Boca Bacalar Chico. Seven of these sites are located between Punta Gavilan (just north of Macaw) and Boca Bacalar Chico, on the border with Belize.
In the 16th century, the English pirates took over much of the coast and attacked Spanish ships carrying gold and riches to Spain. Spain tried to defend their interests by building strong forts, like Bacalar, but the pirates continued to ravage the region, with the intention of taking over the entire peninsula in the name of the British Crown. The kingdom of pirates lasted until the late 19th century, due to to indigenous rebellions and neglect in the region.
In the late 19th century, the Mexican Navy took control of what is now…
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