Here are some things you may not know about Mexico.
Increase your knowledge and impress your friends with facts about our beautiful country of Mexico!
1. Thank Mexico for introducing corn, chilies and chocolate. Corn was first cultivated in Mexico and the most chilies in the world are grown here. Cacao was discovered in Mexico by the Mesoamerican people and turned into a bitter, spicy and somewhat frothy mixture that includes chilies and corn meal.
2. The country’s official name is Estados Unidos Mexicanos (United Mexican States) and was initially named after the capital city of Mexico City. When the Aztec dominated large parts of the country, during the 14th-16th centuries, the capital city was called Mexico-Tenochtitlan.
3. The National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) is the oldest university in North America, founded in 1551 by Charles V, ruler of the Spanish Empire. It is the educational institution that produces the highest number of professionals in Mexico.
4. More languages are spoken in Mexico than in all of Europe. Besides Spanish, the government recognizes 68 indigenous languages of which many are becoming extinct. The Cochimi dialect has less than 100 speakers. There are only about 50 that speak Kiliwa and Aguacatec is spoken by less than two dozen people.
5. Mexico’s volcano rabbit, the zacatuche, is a rare species which lives near Mexican volcanoes. It is the world’s second smallest rabbit and with its short, thick fur, short legs, and small rounded ears it looks like a tiny furball and warns other rabbits not by a thumping of its feet but by emitting a high-pitched sound.
6. Mexico City is slowly sinking. Because that the Mexican capital was built on a lake, it is sinking 15-20 cm a year. During the 20th century, Mexico City sunk between 9 – 11 meters. The city’s infrastructure, water supplies, and its irreplaceable architecture are under constant threat.
7. The Mexican flag is made up of three vertical stripes. The green stripe stands for hope; the white stripe represents unity, and the red stripe represents the blood of the nation’s heroes. The picture of an eagle eating a snake in the middle of the flag is its coat of arms, based on Aztec legend.
8. Three (or Four) dog breeds originated in Mexico including the smallest breed, the Chihuahua. There is also the chamuco and the xoloitzcuintle now recognized by the American Kennel Club. There is some controversy on whether the Chinese crested originated in Africa or Mexico, but it is doubtful that its origins are in China.
Thanks for reading,
Stewart Rogers USA-South Carolina